Conditions We Treat

NJNBI offers a wide range of treatment options for common conditions affecting all aspects of the spine including:

Spondylolisthesis occurs when one of the vertebrae of the spine slides out of place, with the most common occurrence in the lower back (lumbar) region.

Cervical spondylosis is the result of degenerative disc disease, where the facet joints within the spine begin to develop arthritis from increased pressure.

Cervical spondylotic myelopathy (aka spinal cord compression) is a condition where narrowing of the spinal canal occurs due to wear and tear over time.

Degenerative disc disease is not a disease but rather a term used to describe the normal changes in the spinal discs over the course of time.

Also known as adult onset scoliosis, degenerative scoliosis is when the curvature of the spine is caused by the degeneration of the facet joints.

A herniated disc, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, is one of the most common spinal injuries. Learn about the causes and diagnosis here.

While there are a variety of causes for lower back pain, the majority of them result from the natural degeneration of parts of the spine.

Lumbar spinal stenosis is a condition where the spinal canal narrows, compressing the spinal cord and nerves in the lower back.

Neck pain is a common problem categorized as discomfort in the neck area. Read more about the common symptoms and treatment options available.

Radiculopathy is a condition that causes radiating pain into the extremities along the course of a spinal nerve root, commonly in the lower back and neck.

Sciatica is a condition that causes pain that radiates through the sciatic nerve, which runs through the lower back then splits and travels down each leg.

A spinal tumor is an abnormal tissue growth typically associated with cancer. Learn about the 3 types of spinal tumors as well as diagnosis and treatments.

A vertebral compression fracture is a vertebra in the spine that has decreased in height, between 15 to 20 percent, due to a fracture.

An Overview

A herniated disc, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, is one of the most common spinal injuries. With over three million cases reported each year, this condition is a typical source of neck and lower back pain.

What Causes a Herniated Disc?

The discs, which act as cushions between the spinal vertebrae, are made up of soft, jelly-like centers and tough outer exteriors. A disc herniation occurs when the soft center leaks through a crack in the exterior, putting pressure on the sensitive nerves within the spinal column. This can occur anywhere along the spinal column but typically occurs in the neck or low back. This pressure or “impingement” of the nerves or spinal cord causes a radiculopathy or myelopathy resulting in pain, numbness, or weakness in the legs, arms or back.

Spinal discs have a high water content which can deplete over time, causing less flexibility and predisposing them to injury. This depletion may occur due to natural degeneration of the disc and it may be contributed to the following:

  • Excess body weight
  • Hard repetitive activity such as lifting, pulling or pushing
  • Incorrect lifting habits
  • Injury
  • Smoking

How Is a Herniated Disc Diagnosed?

After a complete medical history and history of symptoms, spine specialist Dr. Sandro LaRocca will conduct a physical examination to establish which nerves within the spinal column are affected. In addition, an X-ray, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan may be performed to confirm disc injury or degeneration.

What Treatments Are Available for Disc Herniation?

With a multidisciplinary team approach, NJNBI and its network of spine specialists offer a variety of effective surgical and non-surgical treatment options for disc herniation, including:

  • Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion surgery
  • Injections for pain management
  • Minimally invasive microdiscectomy
  • Physical Therapy
  • Prescribed medications including anti-inflammatories, muscle relaxants or analgesics
  • Recommendation of rest, local modalities such as ice and heat, and over-the-counter pain medications

Have Another Question?

For more information or to set an appointment, contact us today.